Trout are freshwater fish, it is suitable for human consumption. These fish are of the salmon family, they feed on other fish and zooplankton. They are sporadically bred to replace reduced populations due to overfishing.
Today, these trout are raised in special pools called fish farms, with the purpose of commercialization having a high profitability.
Usually the owners of these trout farms buy embryonated, fry or cultured eggs instead of waiting for them to do so naturally for reasons that require considerable skill to raise them that way, plus more money is spent because it takes longer.
Considerations for a trout farm
A trout farm needs a constant supply of qualified water. Like freshwater fish, they can be farmed in natural water such as ponds, rivers, streams and lakes. They can also be farmed in artificial facilities such as tanks, pools, raceways and cages.
The ideal water for artificial systems is from springs or subway wells, surface or common water can also be used meeting the standards of trout farming using a suitable water for that purpose.
One of the special considerations is water temperature, as trout are sensitive to these conditions and using unsuitable water will affect the growth rate of the fish.
To achieve specific values as well as the optimal conditions to own a trout farm, an investigation should be made according to the area where the fish will be raised.
Another very important factor, like water, is the correct disposal of waste that could include harmful microorganisms, drugs, chemicals and metabolic waste.
Agricultural machinery needed to raise trout
A great deal of capital and effort is required in this business, for example a large production is needed for marketing to restaurants, supermarkets, fish processors, etc.
It will be necessary and indispensable to intensely control the hatchery and to keep up to date the production records in addition necessary tools are needed such as
- Construction of a fish farm
- Air pump
- Air diffuser
- Machinery for feeding automation
- Disinfection tank
- Transport tank
- Sorting and selection tools
- Delivery trucks
As you will see owning a trout farm is an arduous work of all day but they can give us a good profit turning the trout farm into a profitable and lucrative business.
Of course you can raise trout in small quantities as a hobby with a minimum of capital and with a little dedication.